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Christopher Columbus

Born: Genoa Italy, in 1451 to a weaver
Married to:As a young man, he settled in Portugal and married a woman of noble background. His wife died in 1485 so he moved to Spain with his son Diego.
Life inThe fifteenth-century:Europeans were not aware of the South and North American continents during this timeframe. Mapmakers did not show an accurate picture and no one knew there was a Pacific Ocean.


      Christopher Columbus                    

Columbus asked the king and Queen for a long time to give him a grant to travel to the west but they said no. They finally agreed in 1492 when the Moors had been successfully expelled from Spain.
Columbus' promises-
He promised to bring back gold, spices, and silks from the Far East, to spread Christianity, and to lead an expedition to China.


First trip-(1492-1493)
Columbus left Palos, Spain, with three ships on August 3, 1492. The Nina, The Pinta and The Santa Maria.Columbus' ships covered approximately 150 miles a day.

On October 12,He sighted the present-day Bahamas. Columbus believed that it was an island in Asia and named it San Salvador. He did not find the riches he expected, so he sailed in search of China. He visited the island of Cuba and then an island later called Hispaniola (shared today by Haiti and the Dominican Republic). Everywhere he went, he encountered native people.

 On November 21, 1492, Captain Pinzon of the Pinta sailed away to explore on his own. Awhile later the Santa Maria was wrecked and  Columbus had to leave 40 men behind on an island. He soon sailed back to Spain without any riches.


2nd Trip-(1493-1496)
He left Spain again on September 25, 1493, this time with 17 ship and 1,200 men. This time he wanted to establish colonies in the name of Spain, to check on his crew left behind at the fort of Navidad, and to find great riches in what he believed to be part of the Far East.
on November 3 he discovered the islands of Dominica, Guadeloupe, and Jamaica. He was convinced he'd located the islands just off Japan, but gold and riches were nowhere to be found. On November 27, Columbus reached Hispaniola to look in on his crew at Navidad. After landing, he discovered all his men dead and the fort destroyed. The Spanish crew had mistreated the Indians, and the natives killed them. Columbus established the first colony of Santo Domingo and became the governor of the island. He and his men eventually conquered the island of Hispaniola after defeating the Indians in battle in 1495.
Columbus set sail for Spain on March 10, 1496. Arriving in Cadiz on July 31, he prepared to meet with the Spanish monarchs. The king and queen still favored Columbus despite the bad reports.

THIRD Trip-(1498-1500)

Columbus left Spain this time with Six ships and a smaller crew.
-Still looking for a passage to India, He Discovered Trinidad and the South American continent and explored the coast of Venezuela.
-They found gold nuggets in La Espanola.
Unortunately he and his brothers were arrested by a royal judge and returned to Spain in 1500, accused of mismanaging their responsibilities as royal governors of the Spanish colonies. Columbus was let go but the King stripped him of his governing authority.

Fourth trip-(1502-1504)
He didn't make any new discoveries. He took four ships and sailed along the coast of South America hoping to find India but he gave up and came home to Spain a tired old man.